Nuniyah al-Qahtani [Part 2]

As-salamu ‘alaykum wa rahmatullah

This is Part 2 of the Nuniyah al-Qahtani.

Part 1 can be found here (translated many years ago!).

Truly one of the best pieces I have ever come across –

While little is known about the author, this poem which he wrote around about the 5th century has emerged as one of the most powerful, beautiful and well-celebrated works throughout time. It’s a piece that scholars from all areas of the Muslim World are familiar with, and parts of it are taught to students as part of their Islamic studies to this day.

The poem itself has almost 700 lines (well over 6,000 words) covering many aspects of Islam: Qur’an, ‘Aqidah, hadith, fiqh, history, seerah etc. It also goes into clarifying much of the theological and social problems that arose in the Ummah during that time (e.g. the view of the Mu’tazilah as well as issues brought by other heretical groups) and it continuously gives beautiful advice on how the Muslim should live – e.g. how to deal with your brothers, how to perfect your character, how to achieve in life etc.

Insha’Allah, the full translation is coming soon…

 

Nuniyah al-Qahtani

- By Abu Muhammad al-Qahtani al-Andalusi -

 

ولقد مننت علي رب بأنعم   ***  مالي بشكر أقلهن يدان
“O Lord, You have indeed bestowed upon me blessings
The smallest of which I cannot fully give thanks for

فوحق حكمتك التي آتيتني   ***  حتى شددت بنورها برهاني
It is truly by Your Wisdom that You have given me such
Until You strengthened my faith by its light

لئن اجتبتني من رضاك معونة   ***  حتى تقوي أيدها إيماني
If, from Your Pleasure, I were to be selected by Your Aid
Such that its authority strengthened my faith

لأسبحنك بكرة وعشية   ***  ولتخدمنك في الدجى أركاني
Then surely, I will praise You day and night
And in the darkness, my limbs will be at Your service

ولأذكرنك قائما أو قاعدا   ***  ولأشكرنك سائر الأحيان
I will indeed remember You whether I’m standing or sitting
And the rest of the time, I will be thanking You

ولأكتمن عن البرية خلتي   ***  ولاشكون إليك جهد زماني
I shall hide my dire needs from the people
And I shall complain only to You of my troubled times

ولأقصدنك في جميع حوائجي   ***  من دون قصد فلانة وفلان
I shall seek You in all of my needs
Without seeking the aid of anyone in specific

ولأحسمن عن الأنام مطامعي  ***  بحسام يأس لم تشبه بناني
And I will surely sever my hopes in mortals
With a decisive dismemberment not seen before

ولأجعلن رضاك أكبر همتي   ***   ولاضربن من الهوى شيطاني
I will make Your Pleasure to be my greatest concern
And I will indeed cast the devil out from my desires

ولأكسون عيوب نفسي بالتقى  ***  ولأقبضن عن الفجور عناني
I will surely clothe the defects of my soul with the garments of Taqwa (piety)
And I will indeed seize my stubbornness in committing evil

ولأمنعن النفس عن شهواتها   ***  ولأجعلن الزهد من أعواني
And I will prevent my soul from its desires
And I will make Zuhd (asceticism) to be my supporter

ولأتلون حروف وحيك في الدجى  ***   ولأحرقن بنوره شيطاني
I shall indeed recite the letters of Your Revelation in the depths of the dark
And I will burn the Shaytan (devil) with its manifest light

أنت الذي يا رب قلت حروفه  ***   ووصفته بالوعظ والتبيان
O my Lord, it is You Who has uttered its letters
And You have expressed therein much admonition and clarity

ونظمته ببلاغة أزلية   ***  تكييفها يخفى على الأذهان
You have constructed it with eternal eloquence
The manner of which cannot be understood by the mind

وكتبت في اللوح الحفيظ حروفه   ***  من قبل خلق الخلق في أزمان
And You have written its letters in the Preserved Tablet
Before the creation of all things aforetime

فالله ربي لم يزل متكلما   ***  حقا إذا ما شاء ذو إحسان
Allah, my Lord, has not ceased to speak
The truth if He Wills; Owner of Great Generosity

نادى بصوت حين كلم عبده   ***  موسى فأسمعه بلا كتمان
He called out in His Voice when He called His slave
Musa; and so He caused him to hear without any obscurity

وكذا ينادي في القيامة ربنا  ***   جهرا فيسمع صوته الثقلان
And likewise our Lord shall call on the Day of Resurrection
In an audible voice, and every Man and Jinn shall hear Him:

أن يا عبادي أنصتوا لي واسمعوا  ***   قول الإله المالك الديان
That ‘O my slaves, pay attention to Me and listen
To the Word of God, the King and Judge!’

هذا حديث نبينا عن ربه  ***  صدقا بلا كذب ولا بهتان
This is the narration of our Prophet from His Lord
In truth, without any lie or falsehood

لسنا نشبه صوته بكلامنا   ***  إذ ليس يدرك وصفه بعيان
We do not liken His voice to our speech
For its exact description is not known

لا تحصر الأوهام مبلغ ذاته   ***  أبدا ولا يحويه قطر مكان
Minds can never encompass the extent of His Being
And place can never contain Him

وهو المحيط بكل شيء علمه   ***  من غير إغفال ولا نسيان
He is the One Whose knowledge encompasses all things
Without heedlessness or any forgetfulness

من ذا يكيف ذاته وصفاته  ***   وهو القديم مكون الأكوان
And who can attempt to describe or shape Him and His Attributes
When He is the All-Present, Creator of all existence?

سبحانه ملكا على العرش استوى  ***   وحوى جميع الملك والسلطان
Glory be to Him, a King Who rose over His Throne
And Who has gathered all the Dominion and Authority

وكلامه القرآن أنزل آيه  ***  وحيا على المبعوث من عدنان
His Speech is the Qur’an whose verses He has revealed
A revelation to the sent one from ‘Adnan (the Arabs)

صلى عليه الله خير صلاته  ***   ما لاح في فلكيهما القمران
May God’s best blessings be upon him
So long as the sun and the moon shimmer in their orbits

هو جاء بالقرآن من عند الذي  ***   لا تعتريه نوائب الحدثان
He came with the Qur’an from the One Who
Cannot be stopped by the misfortunes of time

تنزيل رب العالمين ووحيه  ***  بشهادة الأحبار والرهبان
It is the Revelation of the Lord of the Worlds
Witnessed by the scholars and the righteous ones

وكلام ربي لا يجيء بمثله  ***   أحد ولو جمعت له الثقلان
And none can bring the like of the Speech of my Lord
Even if Man and Jinn were to come together to achieve that

وهو المصون من الأباطل كلها   ***  ومن الزيادة فيه والنقصان
And it is protected from every single falsehood
And it is protected from any excess or deficiency

من كان يزعم أن يباري نظمه  ***   ويراه مثل الشعر والهذيان
Whoever claims that its construction is useless
And sees it to be like poetry or senseless chatter

فليأت منه بسورة أو آية   ***  فإذا رأى النظمين يشتبهان
Then let him bring a single chapter or verse from it!
And if he sees the two texts to be just like each other,

فلينفرد باسم الألوهية وليكن  ***   رب البرية وليقل سبحاني
Then let him single himself out for worship and let him become
The Lord of people, and let him say: ‘Glory to me!’

فإذا تناقض نظمه فليلبسن ***    ثوب النقيصة صاغرا بهوان
But if his text is contradictive, then let him wear
The garments of failure, belittled by humiliation

أو فليقر بأنه تنزيل من  ***   سماه في نص الكتاب مثاني
Otherwise, let him admit that it is a Divine Revelation
From the One Who named it ‘Mathani’ (Oft-repeated) in His Book

لا ريب فيه بأنه تنزيله  ***   وبداية التنزيل في رمضان
There is no doubt that it is His True Revelation
And the start of this Revelation began in Ramadan

الله فصله وأحكم آيه  ***   وتلاه تنزيلا بلا ألحان
Allah explained it in detail and clarified its verses
And recited it as a Revelation without any mistakes

هو قوله وكلامه وخطابه  ***   بفصاحة وبلاغة وبيان
It is His Saying, it is His Speech, it is His Dialogue
With absolute articulacy, eloquence, and clarity

هو حكمه هو علمه هو نوره  ***   وصراطه الهادي إلى الرضوان
It is His Judgement, it is His Knowledge, it is His Light
And it is His Path which guides to ultimate Pleasure

جمع العلوم دقيقها وجليلها ***   فيه يصول العالم الرباني
In it He gathered all Sciences; the subtle and the great
And hence the righteous scholar delves into them

قصص على خير البرية قصه  ***   ربي فأحسن أيما إحسان
Within it are stories unfolded to the best of creation (the Prophet)
My Lord narrated them and in perfection did He do so!

وأبان فيه حلاله وحرامه  ***   ونهى عن الآثام والعصيان
And He made clear its halal and haram
And forbade in it all sin and disobedience…”

To be continued…

 

A short clip:

Absolute Tawfeeq!

As-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullah

I recently heard an incredibly amazing account told by Shaykh Yasir Salamah, one of the leading Imams and recitors of Egypt. In his audio tape ‘When will I see you as a Haafidh?’ he speaks of the true account of Muhammad, a brother who after attending a workshop on memorising Qur’aan and utilising all the available mediums, went on to memorise the entire Qur’aan within just 50 days (i.e 2 months)

Within 2 months?!

Yes. Within 2 months. This is his account and he says:

“I declared a state of Jihad upon my soul and put death before my eyes. I made an intention to memorise the Noble Qur’aan. So I abandoned telephone calls and unnecessary visits, and I changed all the negative thoughts associated with hifdh (memorisation) to positive and practical ones e.g. When a thought came to me saying ‘I can’t do it!’ I’d say, ‘I can do it.’ If it said, ‘My memory is weak!’ I’d say ‘I take pleasure in having a great memory.’

I chose the masjid as the place of my hifdh as it preserves three:

1. The eyes

2. The ears

3. The tongue

I followed a specific dietary program consisting of eating dates, fruits and honey – and fasting helped me a great deal in that. I used to wake up before salaat al-Fajr by 2 and a half hours and I slept 2 hours after ‘Isha. I used to wake up for Tahajjud (the night prayer), prolonging my sujood wherein I would call upon Allaah ta’alaa to ease for me my affair. I would also seek forgiveness 100 times.

I began to memorise 5 pages and would recite them in the Sunnah prayers of Fajr. After salaat al-Fajr, I would begin the memorisation of 5 new pages and at the end, I would recite them in the 2 raka’ahs of salaat al-Duhaa, all the time thanking Allaah for easing the memorisation.

I would perfect the recitation of what I had memorised by listening to tapes of one of the recitors. I would read about the qiraa’ah in books or via the Muqaddimah al-Jazariyyah (poem on the ahkam of tajweed).

After salaat al-Dhuhr, I would repeat everything that I had memorised previously beginning from the 1st Juz, until salaat al-’Asr. After the ‘Asr prayer, I would repeat the new portion of hifdh and the juz before. After the Maghrib prayer, I would prepare the recitation of 10 new pages and it was only after salaat al-’Isha that I’d review the Qur’aan with my teacher, may Allaah reward him well.

Before retiring to bed, I would listen to all that I memorised in the day from cassettes and I would be sitting for 6 continuous hours, without any boredom or feeling tired. In the 1st week, I would sit for 6 hours, memorising and revising. In the 2nd week, I would sit for 8 hours. In the 3rd week, it was 10 hours and in the 4th week, it was 12 hours. In the last 10 days, I was sitting for 14 hours memorising and revising.

The hardest times for me were when it came to sleeping and eating. I ardently wished that the period of sleep would end quickly so that I could start my hifdh of the Noble of Qur’aan. Everytime I began to read the Qur’aan and memorise, I felt such delight and enjoyment that I had never felt before. Du’a was an important factor for me before and after hifdh. I would memorise a page whilst sitting down and then repeat it whilst walking. My teacher played an important role in encouraging me, in revision, in correcting me and benefiting me in terms of Tajweed.

In the last week, on the night of 20th Ramadan, only 4 and a half juz remained until completion of hifdh. So I turned to Allaah to open up my way and ease it for me. I went on to memorise it in 6 days with the Help of Allaah.

Laylatul-Qadr came, the night of delight and happiness – it was like a wedding night to me. My completion of hifdh took place between Maghrib and ‘Isha in the masjid with the Imam and those in I’tikaaf. We began the khatma (reciting from beginning till end of the Book). In the end, during the du’aa, my heart opened up greatly and I began to weep like never before. It was the most beautiful hour of my life. Allaah had honoured me with the memorisation of His Book.

During the du’aa, I remembered a dream I had more than 10 years ago… I was a Mu’adhin of a mosque and after Fajr salaah, I sat remembering Allaah in the mosque. I felt sleepy so I took a nap in the middle of the mosque, and behold! I found myself amidst a gathering. A powerful ray of light descended from the sky down to the middle of the masjid. From that light came many angels and between them were 2 big Angels. One of them turned towards me and took me to the light. I entered along with the 2 angels. I then found myself on top of a large green tree – I began to climb it in the companionship of the 2 angels. We found angels standing by the door of the 1st heaven. They said to me ‘Where are you going?’ They opened up a book and said, ‘We don’t have your name with us, so climb onwards to the top.’ And likewise, all the time (through each heaven), they said the same thing to me.

Upon arriving at the 7th heaven, we reached the end of the tree. I found angels standing at the door and they said, ‘Are you Muhammad?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ They said, ‘Enter, for the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) wants you.’ I said to the 2 angels that were with me ‘Come in with me.’ They said, ‘We can’t enter. But we will wait for you.’ So I entered Jannah and behold, I saw therein what no eye has seen, no ear has heard and had never entered in the heart of Man. Angels were surrounding me and there was a door, on top of it was written لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله. جنة الفردوس (There is no God but Allaah and Muhammad is His Messenger. Al-Firdaws Paradise).

The Angels opened the door and I entered. Before me was the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) sitting at the top end and beside him were men, some that I recognised and some that I didn’t. In front of him were a very large group of men, women and children. They wore white clothes, and they were so many that they had a beginning but no end. All of them were reciting Qur’aan. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) called me and I went up to him. He got up and made some space for me. I kissed him and he sat me down besides him. I asked him ‘Who are these people O Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘These are the people who have memorised the Book of Allaah `azza wa jall.’

Inshaa’Allaah ta’ala, the dream ended in truth. I never spoke to anyone about it until the night that I completed the memorisation of the Qur’aan.”

Allahu Akbar, if this is not tawfeeq from Allah and determination… I don’t know what is.

__________________________________

Transcribed and edited from the audio ‘When will I see you as a Haafidh?’  by Shaykh Yasir Salamah, hafidhahullah. Rest of the series located here

Video: Soorah al-Hijr by Ar-Rifaa’ee

As-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah

quran.jpg

Haven’t updated in a while!

I will try and post more in the near future inshaa’Allah starting off with a glimpse into some interesting Arabic poetry from the Islamic Era in my next post bi’ithnillah. For the time being, please watch the video below…

 

“The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses are recited unto them, they increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord.” [Al-Anfaal: 2]

Please contemplate over the verses of the Qur’aan.

Month of Qur’aan

As-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah

I’m currently working on an article/essay which I will post up soon inshaa’Allaah regarding the Ultimate i’jaaz (Miracle) of the Qur’aan and the return of the Qur’aanic Generation.

But for the time being I’ll leave you with a couple of videos…

1] Mashaa’Allaah, a beautiful recitation of a youth from the great youth of this Ummah, reciting a portion from Soorah Ya-Seen.

2] And below is a video on Soorah al-Qamar. SubhanAllaah one of many Suwar (soorahs) filled with warnings and glad-tidings, fa hal min muddakir [Is there any that will remember]?