Translation: Al-Asbab al-Mu’eena `alal-Hifdh

As-salamu `alaykum wa rahmatullah

By the Mercy of Allah, the Dar al-Huffadh Project is finally complete, the translation of the al-Asbab al-Mu’eena book was finished yesterday alhamdulillah.

The final pdf book can be downloaded here:

Al-Asbab al-Mu’eena `alaa Hifdh al-Qur’an

Enjoy!

وآخر دعوانا أن الحمد لله رب العالمين

لا تنسونا من صالح دعائكم – please keep me in your du’as

H6 – Towards the Hereafter

As-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah

The Haafidh of Qur’aan is the best of people

If Allaah `azza wa jall gave every servant a value and a rank, then the people of Qur’aan are the best of people in rank, for the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, as is narrated in Bukhari – “The best of you is the one who learns Qur’aan and teaches it.”

Tranquility descends upon the people of Qur’aan and mercy envelopes them

The Messenger (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “No people gather together in one of the Houses of Allaah, reciting the Book of Allaah and studying it among themselves, except that Sakeenah (Tranquility) descends upon them, and Mercy envelops them, and the angels surround them, and Allaah mentions them amongst those who are with Him.” [1]

The Qur’aan is the Banquet of Allaah `azza wa jall

It is narrated from Ibn mas’ood (radhillaahu `anhu) that the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “Indeed this Qur’aan is the banquet of Allaah so learn as much as you can from the banquet of Allaah. Indeed this Qur’aan is the strong rope of Allaah and it is the clear guidance and it is a beautiful cure, a protection for those who cling to it and a salvation for those who follow it. Nothing is bent or corrupted except that the Qur’aan rectifies it, nor deviated but that it reprimands them. Its marvels do not fade nor is the sweetness of it decreased by the frequency of those who recite it. So recite it, for indeed Allaah will bestow upon you ten times the single reward for your recitation of each letter. I do not say for Alif, Laam, Meem is a letter but Alif is a letter, Laam is a letter and Meem is a letter.” [2]

The Qur’aan is your soul amongst the people of the heavens

It is narrated from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri (radhiallaahu `anhu) that he said, “Have taqwa of Allaah because it is the head of all matters and upon you is Jihaad because it is the monasticism of Islaam and upon you is the remembrance of Allaah and the recitation of Qur’aan as it is your soul amongst the people of the heavens and your mention amongst the people of the earth, and upon you is to remain silent except in the truth as you will then over power the Shaytaan.” [3]

Narrated from Jundub that he said, “I advice you with the taqwa of Allaah and I advice you with the Qur’aan for truly it is a light by the dark night and a guidance by the day – act upon it in difficulty and in poverty. If a calamity befalls, sacrifice your wealth instead of your Deen (religion) and if the calamity intensifies, then sacrifice your wealth and your life instead of your Deen for surely the ruined one is he whose religion is ruined and the deprived is he who has been deprived of his Deen. Know that there is no poverty after entering Paradise and no prosperity after entering Hellfire.” [4]

 

The recitor of Qur’aan is not returned to senile old age

Narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (radhiallaahu `anhumaa): “Whoever reads the Qur’aan is not returned to senile old age and that is the meaning of Allaah’s Statement, “Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low, except those who believe…” – he said ‘those that recite the Qur’aan” [5]

The Haafidh of Qur’aan is lowered into his grave before others

Just like Allaah `azza wa jall raised the value of the bearer of Qur’aan in this world and made him the most deserving of leadership amongst the people, He has also raised his rank and value in the Hereafter by making him the most deserving of entering his grave first.

Narrated from Jabir ibn ‘Abdullaah (radhiallaahu `anhumaa): The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to gather together two men from those killed in Uhud in one piece of cloth, then he would say, “Which one of them knows Qur’aan more?” If one of them was pointed out to him, he would lower him into the grave first and say, “I am a witness over them on the Day of Judgement.” He would then order for their burial in their blood and they were not washed nor were they prayed over. [6]

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Steps and Causes that Aid in the Memorisation of Qur’aan

4 – Seeking Forgiveness

A person forgets all that he has memorised due to his sins and for that reason he should increase in istighfaar (seeking forgiveness). Ibn Mas’ood (radhiallaahu `anhu) said, ‘I reckon a man forgets knowledge that he has learnt due to a sin that he has earned.’ And if a mas’ala (matter) became ambiguous for Imaam Abu Hanifah (rahimahullaah), he would say to his companions, ‘This is not except due to a sin I have commited’ and he would seek forgiveness and perhaps even pray, then the mas’ala would become clear to him.

5 – Cleansing of the soul from bad akhlaaq

Learning the Qur’aan is worship of the heart, prayer in secret and drawing closer to Allaah `azza wa jall, and just like the fact that the prayer is not valid except with outward tahaarah (purity) of the body, clothes and place of prayer… the inner acts of worship – of the heart – are not valid except with the purification of the heart from hypocrisy, deception, filth, malice and envy, enmity and hatred – and those are the impurities of the heart, soul and inner being. The Noble Qur’aan is like a crop/plantation, it does not grow except in good, fertile soil. As for land that is salty or deprived, then no produce will come forth and if some things do come out, then they will not grow and if they do grow, they will not produce fruit and even if they do produce fruit, it will not be of good quality. So the Qur’aan will not grow or produce fruit except in a good, pure and righteous heart. Due to this, it is incumbant upon the student of Qur’aan that he should be clean and pure from these bad characteristics and adorn himself with good, honourable and generous characteristics like truthfulness, honesty, sincerity, and in a nutshell, all that faith requires.

6 – That he intends to adorn his heart and clean his soul by his learning

It is incumbant upon the student of Qur’aan that he intends by his learning to adorn his heart, clean his soul, purify his inner being and that he intends to draw closer to Allaah, ascend to be with the Noble Angels and join the rows of the Angels, as Umm al-Mu’mineen, ‘Aisha (radhiallaahu `anhaa) informed us of that when she said, “The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “Verily the one who recites the Qur’an beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels.” And we all know that the Angels descended to listen to Usaid ibn Hudhayr [7]

7 – Dedicating a specific time for Hifdh

From the things that will aid you in the memorisation of Qur’aan is that you dedicate a specific time towards hifdh and you inform your brothers/sisters that you will be busy during this time so that no-one can disturb you from your hifdh.
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References:

[1] Reported by Muslim [2699]
[2] Narrated by al-Haakim, al-Albani declared it saheeh in ‘al-silsilah al-saheeha [660]
[3] Nuzhatul-Fudhalaa [1/248]
[4] Nuzhatul-Fudhalaa [1/258]
[5] Al-Targheeb wa al-Tarheeb [2/355] – Al-Mundhari said, ‘al-Haakim said ‘its chain is saheeh’
[6] Reported by al-Bukhari
[7] Samaat Taalib Halaqat al-Qur’aan – Ramadan Muhammad Hasan al-Samdeesi [pg. 23 - 25]

H5 – A God-given authority to lead

As-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah

A slight change in the structure of the translations – the parts on the virtues of hifdh will continue inshaa’Allaah, but I’ll now also be adding the steps to memorisation at the end (so half-half translations).

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Hifdh al-Qur’aan is one of the causes of salvation from the Hellfire

The servant of Allaah hastens with all that he has in order to be saved from the punishment of Hellfire, and Allaah has indeed written for the one who has memorised the Qur’aan – seeking thereby the Face of Allaah – that the Fire will never touch him. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “If the Qur’aan was to be gathered inside a vessel (heart), Allaah will never punishment it with the Hellfire.” [1]

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The one with the most Qur’aan leads the people

The carrier of Qur’aan has great worth and value in this world and in the Hereafter, for the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) has informed us that the Salaah (prayer), which is the support of this Deen and its 2nd pillar – none leads the people therein except the one with the most Qur’aan. It is narrated from Abu Mas’ood al-Ansaari that he said: The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “The one with the most Qur’aan leads the people. If they are the same in that, then the one most knowledgeable of the Sunnah. If they are the same therein, the one to have made hijrah first.” [2]

From the honour of Allaah is to honour the carrier of Qur’aan

Truly, the honour of the carrier of Qur’aan is not due to his personal self, but rather it’s because of and due to the honour of Allaah’s Words which he carries in his heart. For this reason the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “Indeed, from the honour of Allaah is to honour the grey-haired (older) Muslim, the carrier of Qur’aan who is neither extreme in it nor turns away from it…” [3]

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Allaah raises a people by this Book

Just like the carrier of Qur’aan has the most right to leading the people in their salaah, he also has the most right to leadership and government. It is narrated from Naafi’ ibn ‘Abd al-Haarith that he met ‘Umar (radhiallaahu `anhu) in ‘Isfaan and ‘Umar made him a governor over Makkah. He said, “Who have you put over Ahl al-Waadi (as a governor)?” He replied, “Ibn Abzi.” He said, “And who is Ibn Abzi?” He said, “A slave from amongst our slaves.” He said, “And you put a slave over them as a governor?!” ‘Umar replied, “Indeed he recites the Book of Allaah `azza wa jall and he is knowledgeable of the Faraa’idh (obligations), did your Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) not say, “Truly, Allaah raises a people by this Book and debases others by it.” [4]

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Steps and Causes that Aid in the Memorisation of Qur’aan

1 – Establishing the Tawheed of Allaah (`azza wa jall)

Whoever establishes the tawheed of Allaah, then He opens for him all doors of goodness – & the greatest of those doors is Hifdh al-Qur’aan. That is because tawheed is the foundation of all principles because of which Allaah created the heavens and the earth, revealed the Scriptures, sent the Messengers and made people on the Day of Judgement into 2 parties – a party in Paradise and a party in Hellfire.

2 – Sincerity in Intention

Indeed actions are by intentions… every deed without a good intention is like a bird without a head, so it is upon whoever wants to memorise the Book of Allaah `azza wa jall, to purify their heart from aafaat and make his intention sincerely for the Lord of the heavens and the earth, so that he may open up for him all the doors to goodness and ease for him the memorisation of the Noble Verses.

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3 – Du’aa

Du’aa is from the greatest causes that will aid you in memorisation because as the beloved, the chosen one (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) has said, “Du’aa is worship.” [5] The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) ordered us to have yaqeen (certainty) that the du’aa will be answered. He said, “Call unto Allaah in certainty and know that Allaah does not answer the heedless and inattentive heart.” [6]

So increase in du’aa – that Allaah `azza wa jall makes you from the people of Qur’aan, because as it is said, ‘whoever persists knocking at the door, it’s bound to open for him.’
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References:

[1] Narrated by al-Bayhaqi from ‘Ismah ibn Maalik – Saheeh al-Jaami’ (5266)
[2] Reported by Sahih al-Muslim
[3] Narrated by Abu Dawud from Abu Musa – Saheeh al-Jaami’ (2199)
[4] Reported by Sahih al-Muslim
[5] Narrated by Ahmad and al-Tirmidhi – Saheeh al-Jaami’ (3407)
[6] Narrated by al-Tirmidhi and al-Haakim from Abu Hurayrah – Saheeh al-Jaami’ (245)

H4 – Treasure Indeed

As-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah

Memorisation of Qur’aan is easy and easily-accomplished

Allaah ta’aala said,


“And We have indeed made the Quran easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember?” [al-Qamar:17]

Al-Qurtubi said, “This means ‘We have made it easy for Hifdh and we will aid whoever wishes to memorise it so is there anyone who seeks to memorise it that We may help him?” [1]

Indeed, from the miracles of the Noble Qur’aan is the ease of memorisation upon all tongues such that the non-Arab and others besides them are able to memorise it. Hifdh al-Qur’aan is the basis of learning (and pursuing studies). Allaah, the Exalted and Most High described this Qur’aan saying,


“Nay, but they, the clear Ayat are preserved in the breasts of those who have been given knowledge” [al-'Ankabut: 49]

And Allaah ta’aala has said in a hadeeth Qudsi, which is narrated by Sahih Muslim “I have indeed sent you (O Prophet) to test you and test others by you, and I have revealed onto you a Book that cannot be washed by water, so that you may recite it while in the state of wakefulness or sleep.” An-Nawawi said, “This means that it’s preserved in the hearts – it’s not free to depart but rather it stays in the course of history.” [2]

Huffaadh al-Qur’aan are the people of Qur’aan

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “Indeed, Allaah has people from amongst Mankind: the people of Qur’aan, they are the people of Allaah and His specialties…” [3] What companionship! Such companion that it is not paralleled by this world and all that is in it of temporary enjoyment! It is from the complete honour of Allaah `azza wa jall to the carriers of Qur’aan that He has made them from His people and His specialties. In a time where the people of art and ‘fann’ have attached themselves to their art & the people of wealth to what is with them, the people of Qur’aan have triumphed with the companionship of the King of kings and dominion, Exalted be He.

None take delight in the Night prayer except the people of Qur’aan

It is well known that the one who reads the Qur’aan – in qiyaam al-layl – from the mus-haf (Qur’aan) does not feel the delight of the one who reads the Qur’aan from his heart. It is for this reason we find that amongst the biggest reasons a person becomes lazy from the night prayer is that he does not have with him the Qur’aan. i.e. he has not memorised the Qur’aan.

The night prayer is the honour and glory of a believer and it is the time of mercy which descends from the Lord of the heavens and the earth, a time wherein Allaah descends to the lower heaven. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever stands (for the night prayer) with ten verses is not written amongst the heedless, whoever stands with a hundred verses is written to be amongst the devout & sincere ones and whoever stands with a thousand verses is written amongst the muqantareen” [`those for whom a Qintaar (a measurement of weight) of reward is written'] [4]

The Qur’aan puts you in the company of the Elite

It is also well known that the gatherings of the people of Qur’aan, none is present therein except people of righteousness and taqwa, and hence the Qur’aan puts you in the companionship of (these) elite. Indeed, the Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said, “A man is upon the way of his friend, so let each one of you look to whom you befriend.” [5]
He (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) informed and spoke of the state of people on the Day of Judgement, he said – as is narrated in the Saheehayn – “A man will be with whom he loves”. So if you love the people of Qur’aan and accompanied them, then you will be from amongst them and raised up with them on the Day of Judgement – inshaa’Allaah ta’aala.

 

The Haafidh of Qur’aan… his evidence is in front of him

For the one who memorised the Qur’aan, if he were to one day stand and deliver a speech to the people, or remind them during lessons and classes of knowledge, then his evidences will be in front of him (i.e. in his heart) – he does not need to search for them… he has with him all the evidences from the Qur’aan with regards to Sulook, Adab (manners), Rules, the Faraa’idh (obligations), targheeb and tarheeb, stories and lessons etc. Whenever he intends to speak on a specific subject, he’ll find the evidences from the Qur’aan flow from his mouth to the hearts of the people straight away.

Treasures of goodness in the memorisation of Qur’aan!

Surely Allaah intends to preserve His Book, and that is not possible (for a person to do) except by much repetition and revision and committing to memory. The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said “Whoever reads a letter from the Book of Allah, he will have a reward. And that reward will be multiplied by ten. I am not saying that “Alif, Laam, Meem” is a letter, rather I am saying that “Alif” is a letter, “laam” is a letter and “meem” is a letter.” [6] Imagine the number of letters read by a youth sitting in the House of Allaah (masjid) for 2 hours or more, in memorisation and recitation.

 

The Qur’aan is evidence for you or against you

Surely, the Qur’aan is either proof for you or against you… as he (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said – as is in Sahih Muslim – “The Qur’aan is evidence for you or against you.” So if a youth recites the Qur’aan, memorises it, and acts upon what is in it – and he intends nothing thereby except the Face of Allaah – then the Qur’aan will be a proof and an intercessor for him on the Day of Judgement, bi’ithnillaah.

Hifdh al-Qur’aan eases recitation of Qur’aan at all times

Whoever memorises the Qur’aan is able to read it whilst he is walking, whilst he is driving his car or waiting for one of his brothers… what is evident is that he is able to attach his tongue to the (recitation of) Qur’aan at any time. As for the one who hasn’t memorised the Qur’aan, then he is not able to recite except if he were to open the mus-haf in front of him, and this is a blessing whereby Allaah honours all who have memorised the Qur’aan.
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References

[1] al-Jaami’ li-ahkaam al-Qur’aan (18/134)
[2] Sahih Muslim, sharh an-Nawawi (18/204)
[3] Narrated by Ahmad, an-Nasaa’ee, Sahih al-Jaami’ (2165)
[4] Abu Dawud and Ibn Hibbaan – Sahih al-Jaami’ (7439)
[5] Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi – Sahih al-Jaami’ (3545)
[6] Narrated by Tirmidhi – Sahih al-Jaami’ (6369)

H3 – It’s a reality of your heart

As-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah

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Memorisation of the Qur’aan guides you to the Straight Path

We know for sure that if a youth keeps himself busy in the memorisation of the Qur’aan from a young age, then that will keep him busy from falling into sin and disobedience. From there, he will be going from memorisation to revision and from studying the tafseer (interpretation) of those verses to striving upon learning the Asbaab an-Nuzool (causes for revelation). Like that he’ll find himself moving from knowledge to knowledge until at the end of the matter, he becomes a scholar from the righteous scholars of this Ummah

Memorising Qur’aan means taking advantage of the moments of life

Indeed, the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) ordered us to advantage of every moment of our lives and use it in the obedience of Allaah. He (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said,

“Take benefit of five before five:
your youth before your old age,
your health before your sickness,
your wealth before your poverty,
your free-time before your preoccupation,
and your life before your death.” [1]

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In a time when the people of this world are busy with their Dunya and its vanities, and they make their gatherings one of amusement, heedlessness and slander – the people of Qur’aan are taking advantage of every moment and living by the Qur’aan, in heart and soul, reciting it, memorising it, pondering over it and acting upon it.

Beloved brothers and sisters, indeed the nafs (soul) commands evil and if you do not busy it in obedience, it will busy you in disobedience. Time is like a sword, if you do not cut it, it will cut you – so take advantage of life… memorise the Book of Allaah and act upon it.

The Qur’aan is a cure for the hardening of the heart

Many people complain about the hardness of their hearts and they ask for the cure to it, so we say to them: Indeed, the greatest way to cure the hardness of the heart is to draw closer to the Book of Allaah ‘azza wa jall.


“Allah has sent down the best statement, a Book, its parts resembling each other in goodness and truth, oft-repeated.
The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it.
Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah.
That is the guidance of Allah.
He Guides therewith whom He pleases and whomever Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide.” [Az-Zumar: 23]

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The Qur’aan increases your Imaan

Whoever wishes for an increase in Imaan day after day, then upon him is (recourse) to the Book of Allaah, for He (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) has said,

“The believers are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses are recited unto them, they increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone)” [Al-Anfaal: 2]

He also said,

“And whenever there comes down a Surah (chapter from the Quran), some of them (hypocrites) say: “Which of you has had his Faith increased by it?” As for those who believe, it has increased their Faith, and they rejoice.” [At-Tawbah: 124]

For whenever you read in the Qur’aan how Allaah gave victory to His slaves, the Prophets and Messengers (`alayhumusalaam) and brought defeat to the disbelievers, you’ll increase in Imaan. When you read about the Promise of Allaah to His believing servants, the promise of Paradise and pleasure… and His stern warnings of anger and hellfire to the disbelievers, you’ll increase in Imaan.

Narrated from Jundub (radhi’Allaahu `anhu) that he said, “We were young youth with the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam), so we learnt Imaan before we learnt Qur’aan, then we learnt Qur’aan and it increased our Imaan.” [2]

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Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah you have a great example

Allaah Ta’aala said,

“Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad SAW) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much.” [Al-Ahzaab: 21]

The Prophet (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to memorise the Qur’aan and he used to be continuous in its recitation. Jibreel (`alayhisalaam) used to review it with him once every year and in the year that he (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam) was taken (i.e. passed away), he came to him twice. So whoever memorised the Qur’aan, then he has indeed taken the beloved as an example.

Memorisation of Qur’aan is from the special characteristics of this Ummah

Hifdh al-Qur’aan is from the special characteristics of the Ummah of Muhammad (sallallaahu `alayhi wa sallam). Ibn al-Jazari (rahimahullaah) said: “The transmission of Qur’aan by reliance upon memorisation (of by heart) and not upon script in the mus-haf and in books – this is from the most noble of characteristics given to this Ummah by Allaah Ta’aala.” He also said, “Allaah ta’aala has informed us that the Qur’aan does not need to be confined – in preserving it – to a page that can be washed with water. Instead it is read in all states as has been narrated in the description of this Ummah “Their scriptures are in their hearts” – and this is different to the people of the Book who do not memorise it except in (referring to) the Books, they do not read it except by looking at it and it is never off by heart.

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[1] al-Haakim and al-Bayhaqi – saheeh al-Jaami’ (1077)
[2] Nuzhat al-Fudhalaa (383/1)